descent, bulging of a pelvic organ.


bulging of the bladder into the anterior vaginal wall.” Fallen bladder”.


bulging of the urethra into the anterior vaginal wall.

Uterine Prolapse

descent of the uterus into the vagina.


bulging of the rectum into the posterior vaginal wall. “Rectal prolapse”.


bulging of intestine or colon into a space between the rectum and the vagina (pouch of Douglass)


  • Clinical Examination focused on prolapse: Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q)
  • Urinalysis and Urine culture: evaluate cells in the urine and determines urinary tract infection.
  • Echography of the pelvic floor: imaging urinary incontinence and prolapse.
  • Endo-anal echography: study of the anal sphincters.
  • Urodynamics: test to study the pressure and function of the urethra and the bladder during filling and urinating.
  • Cystoscopy: scope to view the inside of the urethra and the bladder. View of the urethra or bladder lesions.
  • Anal manometry: study of anal dysfunctions.
  • Colpo-Cysto-Defecography (CCD): a dynamic RX-procedures to study and measure the extent of prolapse.
  • RMI: dynamic procedure to measure the extent of prolapse.
  • EMG: electro-myography of the perineum: study of the nerve dysfunction.